What is a urinalysis?

A urinalysis or general urine test is a series of urine tests that detect urinary tract infections and health conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease, and diabetes. It can be part of a routine health check for adults and children.

Doctors may also request a general urine test if the patient shows symptoms of urinary tract infection.

A urinalysis gives an overview of the patient’s overall state of health and the health of his urinary system.

What tests does a urinalysis involve?

A complete urinalysis involves a visual, a chemical, and a microscopic analysis of the urine sample.

The results of the urine tests are grouped into three categories:

  • General characteristics (color, clarity, specific gravity, pH)
  • Chemical examination (albumin, glucose, hemoglobin, myoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrite)
  • Microscopic examination (leukocytes, erythrocytes, epithelial cells, casts, crystals, amorphous urates, yeast, microorganisms)

What is a urine culture?

A urine culture is a laboratory test performed to diagnose a urinary tract infection. It is requested when there are symptoms of infection or if the general urine test indicates the presence of microorganisms. Urine cultures are also important during pregnancy or before urologic surgery.

What does a urine culture indicate?

Urine culture shows if the urinary tract has been infected with a germ. If the culture is negative, then there is no germ.

Otherwise, the bacterium is identified, and an antibiogram is issued. The antibiogram indicates to which antibiotics the bacterium is sensitive.

Urine tests at PLUS diagnostic center

PLUS microbiology laboratory performs urine diagnostic tests, such as urinalysis, urine culture, and antibiogram.

The front desk can receive the urine sample in the special urine collectors during the working hours of the laboratory.

Έμπειροι Αιμολήπτες

Experienced Staff

Well-trained and experienced staff in the analysis of urine tests.

Roche Cobas Urine 6500

Roche Cobas Urine 6500

State-of-the-art analyzer for fast and accurate results.

Frequently Asked Questions